The broad objectives of theoretical and empirical research at the Economic Growth Center are to understand the process of economic development and growth as well as the associated changes in economic structure. In particular, an understanding of how policies affect that process is necessary for suggesting policies for promoting development. The research is founded on relevant economic theory (micro and macro) and econometric tools. Empirical studies rely on cross-sectional and intertemporal data on micro decision-making units, such as individuals and households, and aggregates, such as nations, interpreted within suitable economic, demographic, and social frameworks. An increasing share of the research involves the study of the behavior of persons, households, and firms, as revealed in sample surveys, and applies the tools of microeconomic theory and associated statistical tools. EGC Discussion Papers report the results of the research efforts of Center members.

EGC faculty, visiting research faculty associated with the EGC and Ph.D. students on the job market wishing to submit a paper to the series should email a completed submission form with the paper to egc[at]yale.edu.

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Papers from 2006

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Female Empowerment: Impact of a Commitment Savings Product in the Philippines, Nava Ashraf, Dean Karlan, and Wesley Yin

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Interpersonal, Intertemporal and Spatial Variation in Risk Perceptions: Evidence from East Africa, Cheryl Doss, John McPeak, and Christopher Barrett

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The Economic Impact of AIDS Treatment: Labor Supply in Western Kenya, Harsha Thirumurthy, Joshua Graff Zivin, and Markus Goldstein

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Tests of Independence in Separable Econometric Models: Theory and Application, Donald J. Brown, Rahul Deb, and Marten H. Wegkamp

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Two Algorithms for Solving the Walrasian Equilibrium Inequalities, Donald J. Brown and Ravi Kannan

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Selection and Comparative Advantage in Technology Adoption, Tavneet Suri

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Successful Transition towards a Virtuous Cycle of Human Development and Economic Growth: Country Studies, Gustav Ranis and Frances Stewart

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A Panel Unit Root and Panel Cointegration Test of the Complementarity Hypothesis in the Mexican Case, 1960-2001, Miguel D. Ramirez

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Group versus Individual Liability: A Field Experiment from the Philippines, Xavier Giné and Dean Karlan

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Teaching Entrepreneurship: Impact of Business Training on Microfinance Clients and Institutions, Dean Karlan and Martin Valdivia

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Household Decision Marking and Savings Impacts: Further Evidence from a Commitment Savings Product in the Philippines, Nava Ashraf, Dean Karlan, and Wesley Yin

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Microfinance Games, Xavier Gine, Pamela Jakiela, Dean Karlan, and Jonathan Morduch

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Renegotiation Without Holdup: Anticipating Spending and Infrastructure Concessions, Eduardo Engel, Ronald Fischer, and Alexander Galetovic

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Toward the Enhanced Effectiveness of Foreign Aid, Gustav Ranis

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Does the Liberalization of Trade Advance Gender Equality in Schooling and Health?, T. Paul Schultz

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What Determines Technological Spillovers of Foreign Direct Investment: Evidence from China, Galina Hale and Cheryl Long

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Do Population Control Policies Induce More Human Capital Investment? Twins, Birthweight, and China’s ‘One Child’ Policy, Mark R. Rosenzweig and Junsen Zhang

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The Return to Capital in Ghana, Christopher Udry and Santosh Anagol

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On the Conditions that Preclude the Existence of the Lerner Paradox and the Metzler Paradox, Masahiro Endoh and Koichi Hamada

Papers from 2005

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Deposit Collectors, Nava Ashraf, Dean Karlan, and Wesley Yin

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Institutions and Development: A View from Below, Rohini Pande and Christopher Udry

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Place of Work and Place of Residence: Informal Hiring Networks and Labor Market Outcomes, Patrick Bayer, Stephen L. Ross, and Giorgio Topa

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The Profits of Power: Land Rights and Agricultural Investment in Ghana, Markus Goldstein and Christopher Udry

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Coordinating Development: Can Income-based Incentive Schemes Eliminate Pareto Inferior Equilibria?, Philip Bond and Rohini Pande

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Elasticities of Demand for Consumer Credit, Dean Karlan and Jonathan Zinman

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Fertility and Income, T. Paul Schultz

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Dams, Esther Duflo and Rohini Pande

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Profits and Politics: Coordinating Technology Adoption in Agriculture, Rohini Pande

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Chinese Manufacturing Performance in Comparative Perspective, 1980-2002, Adam Szirmai, Ruoen Ren, and Manyin Bai

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Farm Productivity and Market Structure. Evidence From Cotton Reforms in Zambia, Irene Brambilla and Guido G. Porto

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Political Selection and the Quality of Government: Evidence from South India, Timothy Besley, Rohini Pande, and Vijayendra Rao

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Tying Odysseus to the Mast: Evidence from a Commitment Savings Product in the Philippines, Nava Ashraf, Dean S. Karlan, and Wesley Yin

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What’s Psychology Worth? A Field Experiment in the Consumer Credit Market, Marianne Bertrand, Dean S. Karlan, Sendhil Mullainathan, and Eldar Shafir

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Cross-Border Donations and Pareto-Efficient Tariffs, Masahiro Endoh

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Human Development: Beyond the HDI, Gustav Ranis, Frances Stewart, and Emma Samman

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Rural Financial Markets in Developing Countries, Jonathan Conning and Christopher Udry

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Social Connections and Group Banking, Dean S. Karlan

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Information Asymmetry and the Problem of Transfers in Trade Negotiations and International Agencies, Koichi Hamada and Shyam Sunder

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Inter-household Allocations within Extended Family: Evidence from the Indonesia Family Life Survey, Firman Witoelar

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Observing Unobservables: Identifying Information Asymmetries with a Consumer Credit Field Experiment, Dean S. Karlan and Jonathan Zinman

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Using Experimental Economics to Measure Social Capital and Predict Financial Decisions, Dean S. Karlan

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The Role of Preconceived Ideas in Macroeconomic Policy: Japan’s Experiences in the Two Deflationary Periods, Koichi Hamada and Asahi Noguchi

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Trust: A Concept Too Many, Timothy W. Guinnane

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A Pro-Market Agenda for El Salvador, Eduardo Engel

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Are Household Production Decisions Cooperative? Evidence on Pastoral Migration and Milk Sales from Northern Kenya, Cheryl R. Doss and John G. McPeak

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Demystifying the German ‘Armament Miracle’ During World War II. New Insights from the Annual Audits of German Aircraft Producers, Lutz Budraß, Jonas Scherner, and Jochen Streb

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Productive Benefits of Health: Evidence from Low-Income Countries, T. Paul Schultz

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Risk, Network Quality, and Family Structure: Child Fostering Decisions in Burkina Faso, Richard Akresh

Papers from 2004

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Demographic Determinants of Savings: Estimating and Interpreting the Aggregate Association in Asia, T. Paul Schultz

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Labor Surplus Economies, Gustav Ranis

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The Food Problem and the Evolution of International Income Levels, Douglas Gollin, Stephen L. Parente, and Richard Rogerson

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Adjusting Household Structure: School Enrollment Impacts of Child Fostering in Burkina Faso, Richard Akresh

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Consumption Smoothing? Livestock, Insurance and Drought in Rural Burkina Faso, Harounan Kazianga and Christopher Udry

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Motives for Private Transfers in Burkina Faso, Harounan Kazianga

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Structural Change in Russian Transition, Paul R. Gregory and Valery Lazarev

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Effective Labor Regulation and Microeconomic Flexibility, Ricardo J. Caballero, Kevin N. Cowan, Eduardo M.R.A. Engel, and Alejandro Micco

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Female Household-Headship in Rural Bangladesh: Incidence, Determinants and Impact on Children’s Schooling, Shareen Joshi

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Arthur Lewis’ Contribution to Development Thinking and Policy, Gustav Ranis

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Schooling Returns for Wage Earners in Burkina Faso: Evidence from the 1994 and 1998 National Surveys, Harounan Kazianga

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Intra-Household Redistribution of Income and Calorie Consumption in South-Western Nigeria, Adebayo Aromolaran

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Testing for A Supply Constraint to Fertility: Interpreting the Up to God Response to the Survey Question on Desired Family Size, Nistha Sinha

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Human Development and Economic Growth, Gustav Ranis

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Residential Segregation in General Equilibrium, Patrick Bayer, Robert McMillan, and Kim Rueben

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Social Networks in Ghana, Christopher R. Udry and Timothy G. Conley

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The Evolution of Development Thinking: Theory and Policy, Gustav Ranis

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Microeconomic Flexibility in Latin America, Ricardo J. Caballero, Eduardo M.R.A. Engel, and Alejandro Micco

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Political Rents, Promotion Incentives and Support for a Non-Democratic Regime, Valery Lazarev

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The Determinants of the Global Digital Divide: A Cross-Country Analysis of Computer and Internet Penetration, Menzie D. Chinn and Robert W. Fairlie

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Three Strikes and You’re Out: Reply to Cooper and Willis, Ricardo J. Caballero and Eduardo M.R.A. Engel

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Female Schooling, Non-Market Productivity, and Labor Market Participation in Nigeria, Adebayo B. Aromolaran