The broad objectives of theoretical and empirical research at the Economic Growth Center are to understand the process of economic development and growth as well as the associated changes in economic structure. In particular, an understanding of how policies affect that process is necessary for suggesting policies for promoting development. The research is founded on relevant economic theory (micro and macro) and econometric tools. Empirical studies rely on cross-sectional and intertemporal data on micro decision-making units, such as individuals and households, and aggregates, such as nations, interpreted within suitable economic, demographic, and social frameworks. An increasing share of the research involves the study of the behavior of persons, households, and firms, as revealed in sample surveys, and applies the tools of microeconomic theory and associated statistical tools. EGC Discussion Papers report the results of the research efforts of Center members.

EGC faculty, visiting research faculty associated with the EGC and Ph.D. students on the job market wishing to submit a paper to the series should email a completed submission form with the paper to egc[at]yale.edu.

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Papers from 1992

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Theories of Long-Run Growth: Old and New, T. N. Srinivasan and Lakshmi K. Raut

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The Reconstruction and Stabilization of the Postwar Japanese Economy: Possible Lessons for Eastern Europe?, Koichi Hamada and Munehisa Kasuya

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U.S. Money Demand: Surprising Cross-Sectional Estimates, Casey B. Mulligan and Xavier Sala-i-Martin

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A Comparative Study of Fertility Determinants in Togo and Uganda: A Hazard Model Analysis, Namkee Ahn and Abusaleh Shariff

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The Role of Education and Human Capital in Economic Development: An Empirical Assessment, T. Paul Schultz

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Education and Women’s Time Allocation to Non-Market Work in an Urban Setting of India, R. Malathy

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Leaving Parental Home: Census-Based Estimates for China, Japan, South Korea,United States, France, and Sweden, Zeng Yi, Ansley Coale, Minja Kim Choe, and Liang Zhiwu

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The Distribution of Income and Expenditure within the Household, Duncan Thomas

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Permanent International Productivity Growth Differentials in an Integrated Global Economy. The Roles of Households, Non-Tradedness, Self-Financing and Fiscal Policy, Willem H. Buiter and Kenneth M. Kletzer

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Public Welfare and Growth, Xavier Sala-i-Martin

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The Demographic Transition in Southern Africa: Another Look at the Evidence from Botswana and Zimbabwe, Duncan Thomas and Ityai Muvandi

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A Growth Model of Inflation, Tax Evasion and Financial Repression, Nouriel Roubini and Xavier Sala-i-Martin

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Cigarette Demand, Health Scares and Education in Turkey, Aysit Tansel

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Distribution of Rents and Growth, Charles Engel and Kenneth M. Kletzer

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Government Solvency, Ponzi Finance and the Redundancy and Usefulness of Public Debt, Willem H. Buiter and Kenneth M. Kletzer

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Measurement of Returns to Adult Education: Morbidity Effects on Wage Rates in Côte d’Ivoire and Ghana, T. Paul Schultz and Aysit Tansel

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Pensions, Xavier Sala-i-Martin

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The Relationship between Local Family Planning Expenditures and Fertility in Thailand, 1976-1981, T. Paul Schultz

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Wage Employment, Earnings and Returns to Schooling for Men and Women in Turkey, Aysit Tansel

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Capital Mobility in Neoclassical Models of Growth, Robert J. Barro, N. Gregory Mankiw, and Xavier Sala-i-Martin

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Should We Worry about the Fiscal Numerology of Maastricht?, Willem H. Buiter

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Gender, Intrafamily Allocation of Resources and Child Schooling in South India, P. Duraisamy

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Transitional Dynamics in Two-Sector Models of Endogenous Growth, Casey B. Mulligan and Xavier Sala-i-Martin

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Two Blades of Grass: Research for U.S. Agriculture, Robert E. Evenson

Papers from 1991

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Regional Growth and Migration: A Japan-U.S. Comparison, Robert J. Barro and Xavier Sala-i- Martin

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Measuring the Value of Children by Sex and Age Using a Life Cycle Model of Fertility, Namkee Ahn

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Taxes and the Form of Ownership of Foreign Corporate Equity, Roger H. Gordon and Joosung Jun

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Wages, Schooling and Background: Investments in Men and Women in Urban Brazil, John Strauss and Duncan Thomas

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Financial Development, the Trade Regime, and Economic Growth, Nouriel Roubini and Xavier Sala-i-Martin

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Public Policy and Anthropometric Outcomes in the Côte d’Ivoire, Duncan Thomas, Victor Lavy, and John Strauss

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Smoothing Primary Exporters’ Price Risks: Bonds, Futures, Options and Insurance, Kenneth M. Kletzer, David M. Newbery, and Brian D. Wright

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Saving and Endogenous Growth: A Survey of Theory and Willem Buiter Policy, Willem H. Buiter

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Fiscal Federalism and Optimum Currency Areas: Evidence for Europe from the United States, Jeffrey Sachs Xavier Sala-i-Martin

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Growth with Fluctuations, John C. H. Fei and Deborah Reed

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International Differences in Labor Force Participation in Families and Firms, T. Paul Schultz

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Public Finance in Models of Economic Growth, Robert J. Barro and Xavier Sala-i-Martin

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The Timing of Government Spending in a Dynamic Model of Imperfect Competition, Xavier Sala-i-Martin

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Convergence, Robert J. Barro and Xavier Sala-i- Martin

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Risk, Insurance and Default in a Rural Credit Market: An Empirical Investigation in Northern Nigeria, Christopher Udry

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Adapting Household Behavior to Agricultural Technology in West Bengal, India: Wage Labor, Fertility and Child Schooling Determinants, Sudhin K. Mukhopadhyay

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Measurement of Child Health: Maternal Response Bias, Jody Sindelar and Duncan Thomas

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Agricultural Research Productivity in Pakistan, Qazi Tauqir Azam, Erik A. Bloom, and Robert E. Evenson

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Can the Export-Led Growth Model Be Applied to Large Developing Countries? China’s Case, Jinjun Xue

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A Competitive Analysis of Rural Credit: State- Contingent Loans in Northern Nigeria, Christopher Udry

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Convergence across States and Regions, Robert J. Barro and Xavier Sala-i-Martin

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Intergenerational Transfers in Philippine Rice Villages: Gender Differences in Traditional Inheritance Customs, Agnes R. Quisumbing

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Japan in the New World Confrontation: A Historical Perspective, Yujiro Hayami

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Endogenous Fertility, Technical Change and Growth in a Model of Overlapping Generations, Lakshmi Raut and T. N. Srinivasan

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Fallibility in Human Organizations and Political Systems, Raaj K. Sah

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Like Father, Like Son: Gender Differences in Household Resource Allocations, Duncan Thomas

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Patent Data by Industry: Evidence for Invention Potential Exhaustion?, Robert Evenson

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Persistent Differences in National Productivity Growth Rates with a Common Technology and Free CapitalMobility. The Roles of Private Thrift, Public Debt, Capital Taxation and Policy toward Human Formation, Willem H. Builter and Kenneth M. Kletzer

Papers from 1990

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Lecture Notes on Economic Growth: Five Prototype Models of Endogenous Growth, Volume II, Xavier Sala-i-Martin

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Lecture Notes on Economic Growth: Introduction to the Literature and Neoclassical Models, Volume I, Xavier Sala-i-Martin

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Declining Inequality in Schooling in Brazil and Its Effects on Inequality in Earnings, Deborah Levison and David Lam

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Perforate and Imperforate Currency Bands: Exchange Rate Management and the Term Structure of Interest Rate Differentials, Paolo A. Pesenti

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Assessing Family Planning Cost-Effectiveness: Applicability of Individual Demand-Program Supply Framework, T. Paul Schultz

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Aggregating Inequalities: The Equalizing Impact of the Earnings of Married Women in Metropolitan Brazil, Ricardo Barros and R. S. P. Mendonca

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Sovereign Debt Renegotiation in a Consumption- Smoothing Model, Kenneth M. Kletzer and Brian D. Wright

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Testing for Solvency of the Public Sector: An Application to Italy, Giancarlo Corsetti

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Testing for Solvency of the Public Sector: An Application to Italy, Zeng Yi, Li Xiaoli, and Ma Zhongdong

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The Dynamics of Rural Development: Theory and Application, Gustav Ranis and Frances Stewart

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International Trade and Investment under Different Rates of Time Preference, Koichi Hamada and Kyoji Fukao

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Fertility in Rural Sudan: The Effect of Landholding and Child Mortality, Nour Eldin Maglad

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Returns to Women’s Education, T. Paul Schultz

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An Explicit Closed-Form Formula for Profit-Maximizing k-out-of-n Systems Subject to Two Kinds of Failures, Raaj K. Sah

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Prices, Infrastructure, Household Characteristics and Child Height, Duncan Thomas and John Strauss

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Testing the Neoclassical Model of Family Labor Supply and Fertility, T. Paul Schultz

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Reflections on the Fiscal Implications of a Common Currency, Willem H. Buiter and Kenneth M. Kletzer

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The Quality of Managers in Centralized versus Decentralized Organizations, Raaj K. Sah and Joseph E. Stiglitz

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Fiscal Policy Interdependence and Efficiency, Willem H. Buiter and Kenneth M. Kletzer

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Social Osmosis and Patterns of Crime: A Dynamic Economic Analysis, Raaj K. Sah

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Some Envelope Theorems for Integer and Discrete Choice Variables, Raaj K. Sah and Jingang Zhao

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The Shape of the Calorie-Expenditure Curve, John Strauss and Duncan Thomas

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The Welfare Economics of Cooperative and Noncooperative Fiscal Policy, Willem H. Buiter and Kenneth M. Kletzer

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Debt, Deficits and Inflation: An Application to the Public Finances of India, Willem H Buiter and Urijit R. Patel

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Empirical Implications of Alternative Models of Firm Dynamics, Ariel Pakes and Richard Ericson

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Impact of Public Programs on Fertility and Gender Specific Investment in Human Capital of Children in Rural India: CrossSectional and Time Series Analyses, P. Duraisamy and R. Malathy

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Wage Inequality and the Distribution of Education: A Study of the Evolution of Regional Differences in Inequality inMetropolitan Brazil, J. G. A. dos Reis and Ricardo Barros

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Women’s Status and Fertility in Bendal State of Nigeria, Christiana E.E. Okojie

Papers from 1989

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Poverty Alleviation Policies in India: Food Consumption Subsidy, Food Production Subsidy and Employment Generation, Kirit Parikh and T. N. Srinivasan

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The Effects of Mortality Changes on Fertility Choice and Individual Welfare: Some Theoretical Predictions, Raaj K. Sah

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Estimating the Impact of Income and Price Changes on Consumption in Brazil, Duncan Thomas, John Strauss, and Mariza M. T. L. Barbosa

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Fertility Response to Child Survival in Nigeria: An Analysis of Microdata from Bendel State, Christiana E. E. Okojie

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Technological Change and Labor Use in Rice Agriculture: Analysis of Village Level Data in West Bengal, India, Sudhin Mukhopadhyay

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The Economic Impacts of the Procisur Program: An International Study, Robert E. Evenson and Elmar R. da Cruz

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A Useful and Easily-Tested Statement of Some Schur- Cohn Stability Criteria for Higher-Order Discrete Dynamic Systems, Raaj K. Sah

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Intra-Household Resource Allocation: An Inferential Approach, Duncan Thomas

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Labor supply Behavior of Married Women in Urban India, R. Malathy

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Modelling the Use and Adoption of Technologiesby Upland Rice and Soybean Farmers in Central-West Brazil, John Strauss, Mariza M.T.L. Barbosa, Sonia M. Teixeira, and Duncan Thomas

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Modeling American Marriage Patterns, David E. Bloom and Neil G. Bennett

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Spouse Selection and Marital Instability, Neil G. Bennett, Heidi Goldstein, and Rikki Abzug

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The Divergence of Black and white Marriage Patterns, Neil G. Bennett, Heidi Goldstein, and Patricia H. Craig

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An Historical Perspective on the Economic Consequences of Rapid Population Growth, David R. Weir

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Estimating Immigrant Assimilation Rates with Synthetic Panel Data, Andrews M. Yuengert

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Self-Employment and the Earnings of Male Immigrants in the U.S., Andrews M. Yuengert

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The Fisherian Time Preference and the Evolution of the Capital Ownership Patterns in a Global Economy, Kyoji Fukao and Koichi Hamada

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Development, Structural Changes, and Urbanization, Xiaokai Yang

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Human Capital and Adoption of Innovations in Agricultural Production: Indian Evidence, P. Duraisamy

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Investment in Women, Economic Development, and Improvements in Health in Low-Income Countries, T. Paul Schultz