The broad objectives of theoretical and empirical research at the Economic Growth Center are to understand the process of economic development and growth as well as the associated changes in economic structure. In particular, an understanding of how policies affect that process is necessary for suggesting policies for promoting development. The research is founded on relevant economic theory (micro and macro) and econometric tools. Empirical studies rely on cross-sectional and intertemporal data on micro decision-making units, such as individuals and households, and aggregates, such as nations, interpreted within suitable economic, demographic, and social frameworks. An increasing share of the research involves the study of the behavior of persons, households, and firms, as revealed in sample surveys, and applies the tools of microeconomic theory and associated statistical tools. EGC Discussion Papers report the results of the research efforts of Center members.

EGC faculty, visiting research faculty associated with the EGC and Ph.D. students on the job market wishing to submit a paper to the series should email a completed submission form with the paper to egc[at]yale.edu.

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Papers from 1996

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Regionalism and the World Trade Organization: Is Non-Discrimination Passé?, T.N. Srinivasan

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Trade and Human Rights, T.N. Srinivasan

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Baby Boom or Bust? Changing Fertility in Post-Communist Czech Republic and Slovakia, Robert S. Chase

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Supplier Relations and the Market Context: A Theory of Handshakes, John McLaren

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Successes and Failures of Development Experience Since the 1980s, Gustav Ranis

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Japan 1968: A Reflection Point During the Era of the Economic Miracle, Koichi Hamada

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Corruption, Black Markets, and the Fiscal Problem in LDC’s: Some Recent Findings, John McLaren

External Shocks and Structural Adjustments: A Dutch Disease Dynamic Analysis, Mohsen Fardmanesh

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Wage and Price Control Policies in Socialist Transitional Economies, Mohsen Fardmanesh and Li Tan

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The Economic Consequences of a Declining Hegemon, Koichi Hamada

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The Trade-Growth Nexus in Taiwan’s Development, Gustav Ranis

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The Common External Tariff of a Customs Union: Alternative Approaches, T.N. Srinivasan

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Consumers, the Legal System and Product Liability Reform: A Comparative Perspective Between Japan and the United States, Koichi Hamada

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Wage and Labor Supply Effects of Illness in Côte D’Ivoire and Ghana: Instrumental Variable Estimates for Days Disabled, T. Paul Schultz and Aysit Tansel

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Policy Making and Speculative Attacks in Models of Exchange Rate Crises: A Synthesis, Giancarlo Corsetti and Lilia Cavallari

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Regional Economic Integration and Article XXIV of the GATT, Koichi Hamada and Junichi Goto

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The Private Demand for Information and the Effects of Public Testing Programs: The Case of HIV, Michael Boozer and Tomas Philipson

Education Returns Across Quantiles of the Wage Function: Alternative Explanations for Returns to Education by Race in South Africa, Germano Mwabu and T. Paul Schultz

North-South Conflicts and Their Management, Gustav Ranis

The Impact of Migrant Workers on the Japanese Economy: Trickle vs. Flood, Junichi Goto

Will Latin America Now Put a Stop to ‘Stop-and-Go’?, Gustav Ranis

Papers from 1995

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Price and Trade Liberalization in East European Economies, Mohsen Fardmanesh and Li Tan

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The Structure of Arms Races Before and After the End of the Cold War: From Strategic Substitutes to Strategic Complements, Koichi Hamada

Aging, Immigration and Women in the Labor Force: Japan Compared to Other OECD Countries, T. Paul Schultz

Long-Term Consequences of Population Growth: Technological Change, Natural Resources, and the Environment, T.N. Srinivasan and James A. Robinson

Migration Decisions, Self-Selection and Earnings in Low-Income Philippine Communities, Leonardo A. Lanzona

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Women’s Labor Force Participation During and After Communism: A Case Study of the Czech Republic and Slovakia, Robert S. Chase

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Diversification, Liquidity, and Supervision for Small Financial Institutions: Nineteenth-Century German Credit Cooperatives, Timothy W. Guinnane

Welfare Impacts of Health Care User Fees: A Health-Valuation Approach to Analysis with Imperfect Markets, William H. Dow

Discrete Choice Estimation of Price-Elasticities: The Benefits of a Flexible Behavioral Model of Health Care Demand, William H. Dow

Gender-Bias in India: The Importance of Household Fixed-Effects, Ramesh Subramaniam

Unconditional Demand for Curative Health Inputs: Does Selection on Health Status Matter in the Long Run?, William H. Dow

Fertility and Child Mortality in Côte d’Ivoire and Ghana, T. Paul Schultz and Kofi Benefo

Household Composition and Expenditures on Human Capital Formation in Kenya, Robert E. Evenson and Germano Mwabu

Labor Income Indices Designed for Use in Contracts Promoting Income Risk Management, Robert J. Shiller and Ryan Schneider

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Tetanus, Death and Aerobics: The Evaluation of Disease-Specific Public Health Interventions, Xavier Sala-i-Martin, William H. Dow, Jessica Holmes, and Tomas Philipson

Accounting for Public Expenditures on Education: An International Panel Study, T. Paul Schultz

Immigrant Quality and Assimilation: A Review of the Literature, T. Paul Schultz

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Information and the Operation of Markets: Tests Based on a General Equilibrium Model of Land Leasing in India, Jean Olson Lanjouw

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Technological Diffusion, Convergence, and Growth, Xavier Sala-i-Martin and Robert J. Barro

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The Classical Approach to Convergence Analysis, Xavier Sala-i-Martin

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The Limits to Land Reform: The Land Acts in Ireland, 1870-1909, Timothy W. Guinnane and Ronald I. Miller

Intraschool Variation in Class Size: Patterns and Implications, Michael Boozer and Cecilia Rouse

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World Income Components: Measuring and Exploiting International Risk Sharing Opportunities, Robert J. Shiller and Stefano Athanasoulis

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Evaluation of Integrated Human Resource Programs, T. Paul Schultz

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Integrated Approaches to Human Resource Development, T. Paul Schultz

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Measuring Aggregate Human Capital, Xavier Sala-i-Martin and Casey B. Mulligan

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Trade and the Environment: Does Environmental Diversity Detract from the Case for Free Trade?, T.N. Srinivasan and Jagdish Bhagwati

Papers from 1993

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Indian Public Finance in the 1990s: Challenges and Prospects, Willem H. Buiter and Urjit R. Patel

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Measurement of the Total Factor Productivity of Spanish Agriculture: 1962-1989, Robert E. Evenson, M. Carmen Fernandez, and A. Casimiro Herruzo

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Regional Instability and Economic Growth: Thy Neighbor’s Curse, Hak B. Chua and Alberto Ades

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Labor Markets, Human Capital, and Development Performance in East Asia, Gustav Ranis

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Marital Status and Fertility in the United States: Welfare and Labor Market Effects, T. Paul Schultz

Regional Spillovers and Economic Growth, Hak B. Chua

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Thy Neighbor’s Keeper: The Design of a Credit Cooperative with Theory and a Test, Timothy Guinnane, Abihijit Banerjee, and Timothy Besley

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Understanding the Workhouse Test: Information and Poor Relief in Nineteenth-Century England, Timothy Besley, Stephen Coate, and Timothy W. Guinnane

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Cooperatives as Information Machines: The Lending Practices of German Agricultural Credit Cooperatives, 1883-1914, Timothy W. Guinnane

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Investments in the Schooling and Health of Women and Men: Quantities and Returns, T. Paul Schultz

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Technological Change and Educational Wage Differentials in Korea, Kang-Shik Choi

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A Comparison of the Effects of Matching and Search on the Wages of Men and Women, Anne Beeson Royalty

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Labor Supply Decisions of Married Women in Rural India, Jeemol Unni

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Net Worth, Credit Constraints and Economic Development, Masaya Sakuragawa

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Women’s Choice of Work and Fertility in Urban Tamil Nadu, India, Malathy Duraisamy

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Does Head Start Make A Difference?, Duncan Thomas and Janet Currie

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Does Job Matching Differ By Sex?, Anne Beeson Royalty

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Economic Growth and Convergence Across the Seven Colonies of Australasia: 1861-1991, Paul A. Cashin

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The Brazilian Family in the Labor Force, 1978-1988: A Study of Labor Supply, Jorge Jatob

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Using Data on Money Stocks to Estimate Real Colonial GDP in the Seven Colonies of Australasia: 1861-1991, Paul A. Cashin

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Public Debt in the USA: How Much, How Bad and Who Pays?, Willem H. Buiter

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School Attainment, Parental Education and Gender in Côte d’Ivoire and Ghana, Aysit Tansel

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Economic Preconditions for the Asian Regional Integration, Junichi Goto and Koichi Hamada

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Capital Flight, North-South Lending, and Stages of Economic Development, Koichi Hamada and Masaya Sakuragawa

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Monetary Integration in Historical Perspective, Koichi Hamada and David Porteous

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Mortality Decline in the Low Income World: Causes and Consequences, T. Paul Schultz

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Socioeconomic Determinants of Fertility and Child Mortality in Sudan, Nour Eldin A. Maglad