"From possibility to reality" seems an appropriate phrase to describe the development of oceanography in the pa.st three-quarters of a century. It is of little more than academic interest to pick a particular date or event as marking the birth of a field of endeavor; however, for oceanography, the late 1860's and the early 1870's unquestionably mark the period which gave the greatest impetus to research on the chemistry, physics a.nd biology of the sea....
Merriman, Daniel. 1948. "A posse ad esse." Journal of Marine Research 7, (3). https://elischolar.library.yale.edu/journal_of_marine_research/656