Rabah Amir

Document Type

Discussion Paper

Publication Date


CFDP Number


CFDP Pages



We show that the monotonicity property of optimal paths (or, equivalently, the uniform boundedness of the marginal propensity of consumption by unity) is a necessary condition for local (as well as for global) optimality, and is also sufficient for local optimality, but not for global optimality. We also show that the well-known properties of the value function — continuity and monotonicity — are sufficient (along with the above conditions) to guarantee global optimality. In other words, if at any stock level, a local non-global maximizer is selected, a discontinuity in the value function will be observed. We suggest that the previous literature on this problem has not distinguished between local and global maxima, and consequently has not attempted to derive conditions that uniquely characterize global optimality. This is the major aim of this paper, and we hope to have provided some insight towards a systematic approach to non-convex dynamic optimization.

Included in

Economics Commons