A Complete Asymptotic Series for the Autocovariance Function of a Long Memory Process

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Discussion Paper

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An infinite-order asymptotic expansion is given for the autocovariance function of a general stationary long-memory process with memory parameter d in (-1/2,1/2). The class of spectral densities considered includes as a special case the stationary and invertible ARFIMA(p,d,q) model. The leading term of the expansion is of the order O (1/ k 1-2 d ), where k is the autocovariance order, consistent with the well known power law decay for such processes, and is shown to be accurate to an error of O(1/ k 3-2d ). The derivation uses Erdélyi’s (1956) expansion for Fourier-type integrals when there are critical points at the boundaries of the range of integration - here the frequencies {0,2}. Numerical evaluations show that the expansion is accurate even for small k in cases where the autocovariance sequence decays monotonically, and in other cases for moderate to large k . The approximations are easy to compute across a variety of parameter values and models.

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