A game theoretic approach to the theory of money and ﬁnancial institution is given utilizing both the strategic and coalitional forms for describing the economy. The economy is ﬁrst modeled as a strategic market game, then the strategic form is used to calculate several cooperative forms that diﬀer from each other in their utilization of money and credit and their treatment of threats. It is shown that there are natural upper and lower bounds to the monetary needs of an economy, but even in the extreme structures the concept of “enough money” can be deﬁned usefully, and for large economies the games obtained from the lower and upper bounds have cores that approach the same limit that is an eﬀicient price system. The role of disequilibrium is then discussed.
Shubik, Martin, "The Theory of Money and Financial Institutions: A Summary of a Game Theoretic Approach" (2006). Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers. 1863.