Journal of Economic Literature (JEL) Code(s)
Limit theory for regressions involving local to unit roots (LURs) is now used extensively in time series econometric work, establishing power properties for unit root and cointegration tests, assisting the construction of uniform conﬁdence intervals for autoregressive coeﬀicients, and enabling the development of methods robust to departures from unit roots. The present paper shows how to generalize LUR asymptotics to cases where the localized departure from unity is a time varying function rather than a constant. Such a functional local unit root (FLUR) model has much greater generality and encompasses many cases of additional interest, including structural break formulations that admit subperiods of unit root, local stationary and local explosive behavior within a given sample. Point optimal FLUR tests are constructed in the paper to accommodate such cases. It is shown that against FLUR\ alternatives, conventional constant point optimal tests can have extremely low power, particularly when the departure from unity occurs early in the sample period. Simulation results are reported and some implications for empirical practice are examined.
Bykhovskaya, Anna and Phillips, Peter C.B., "Point Optimal Testing with Roots That Are Functionally Local to Unity" (2017). Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers. 171.