We consider an econometric model based on a set of moment conditions which are indexed by both a ﬁnite dimensional parameter vector of interest, θ, and an inﬁnite dimensional parameter, h , which in turn depends upon both θ and another inﬁnite dimensional parameter, τ. The model assumes that the moment conditions equal zero at the true value of all unknown parameters. Estimators of θ are obtained by forming nonparametric estimates of h and τ, substituting them into the sample analog of the moment conditions, and choosing that value of θ that makes the sample moments as “close as possible” to zero. Using independence and smoothness assumptions the paper provides consistency, /n consistency, and asymptotic normality proofs for the resultant estimator. As an example, we consider Olley and Pakes’ (1991) use of semiparametric techniques to control for both simultaneity and selection biases in estimating production functions. This example illustrates how semiparametric techniques can be used to overcome both computational problems, and the need for strong functional form restrictions, in obtaining estimates from structural models. We also provide two additional sets of empirical results for this example. First we compare the estimators of theta obtained using diﬀerent estimators for the nonparametric components of the problem, and then we compare alternative estimators for the estimated standard errors of those estimators.
Pakes, Ariel and Olley, Steven, "A Limit Theorem for a Smooth Class of Semiparametric Estimators" (1994). Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers. 1309.