Title

Weak Convergence of Sample Covariance Matrices to Stochastic Integrals via Martingale Approximations

Document Type

Discussion Paper

Publication Date

7-1-1987

CFDP Number

846

CFDP Pages

9

Abstract

Under general conditions the sample covariance matrix of a vector martingale and its differences converges weakly to the matrix stochastic integral from zero to one of ∫ 0 1 BdB ’, where B is vector Brownian motion. For strictly stationary and ergodic sequences, rather than martingale differences, a similar result obtains. In this case, the limit is ∫ 0 1 BdB ’ + Λ and involves a constant matrix Λ, of bias terms whose magnitude depends on the serial correlation properties of the sequence. This note gives a simple proof of the result using martingale approximations.

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