Date of Award

January 2024

Document Type

Open Access Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Public Health (MPH)


School of Public Health

First Advisor

Becca R. Levy

Second Advisor

Joan K. Monin


This study examines the resilience of self-perception of aging (SPA) among older Chinese adults affected by the One-Child Policy (OCP), based on data from the 2018 Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey (CLHLS). Implemented in 1979, the OCP reshaped family dynamics. It potentially influences aging perceptions among the elderly. Utilizing the stereotype embodiment theory, this research assesses if deep-rooted cultural attitudes towards aging could mitigate the psychological effects of these demographic changes. Results suggest that despite significant societal shifts, the SPA among Chinese elderly remains stable. That indicates a minimal direct impact of the OCP on aging perceptions. The finding underscores the enduring nature of aging self-stereotypes, offering insights for aging-related policy in similar contexts.

Keywords: One-Child Policy, Self-Perception of Aging, Chinese Older Adults,Cultural Attitudes, Stereotype Embodiment Theory, Aging Policy, Demographic Change


This is an Open Access Thesis.

Open Access

This Article is Open Access