Date of Award

January 2023

Document Type

Open Access Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Public Health (MPH)


School of Public Health

First Advisor

Laura Bozzi

Second Advisor

Annie Harper


Energy is an essential household need to sustain health and wellbeing. Connecticut has one of the highest energy costs in the nation and leaves a majority of residents experiencing energy insecurity, where households are not able to meet their energy needs. Energy efficiency retrofits have been introduced as an effective solution to sustain thermal comfort indoors. Despite increased funding and resources for energy efficiency, federal and state programs continue to go widely unused by tenants for several reasons from health and safety barriers, tenant-landlord power imbalances, and administrative challenges to name a few. This thesis aims to describe Connecticut’s energy landscape, previous collective tenant action efforts, and explore barriers to collective action with the goal of providing organizers with actionable steps to engage tenants in mobilizing around energy issues. Using the Human Impact Partners’ framework, this thesis outlines the ways in which Connecticut organizations build community power through three dimensions, as defined by the Grassroots Policy Project. This framework is used to identify where there are gaps in the organizing approach and provide next steps to advocates, tenant groups, and housing and energy organizations. As a result of this research, there are two key recommendations for organizations engaged in energy issues in Connecticut that put emphasis on the second and third dimensions of power: 1) organizations should focus on infrastructure-building to prioritize developing deep, long-term alliances across organizations to allow for more opportunities for collaboration towards achieving overlapping goals, and 2) organizations should create broad, core messaging will allow organizations across sectors to develop a concise narrative around social and political issues to allow each group to maintain their unique narratives and perspectives, while building power through a common overarching theme.


This is an Open Access Thesis.

Open Access

This Article is Open Access