Date of Award

January 2023

Document Type

Open Access Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Public Health (MPH)


School of Public Health

First Advisor

Raquel Ramos

Second Advisor

Trace Kershaw


In the United States, 1 in 3 Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Queer (LGBTQ+ ) identified persons has experienced discrimination or unjust or biased treatment of people due to their “race, gender, age, or sexual orientation.” We conducted a scoping review guided by the Joanna Briggs Institute Manual for Evidence Synthesis. In December 2022, two databases were searched: PubMed and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL). Our review identified 22 studies that addressed the association between social support and discrimination with HIV risk behavior among gay, bisexual, queer (GBQ) men. Stigma and discrimination within and outside the gay community was associated with HIV risk behavior. Black and Latino/Hispanic GBQ men were more likely to experience structural and interpersonal discrimination and social support was found to be a protective factor for HIV risk behavior.


This is an Open Access Thesis.

Open Access

This Article is Open Access