Date of Award

January 2022

Document Type


Degree Name

Medical Doctor (MD)



First Advisor

Jaime A. Cavallo


Female physicians may find themselves co-managing pregnancy and their careers. To better understand the medical community’s evolving views on physician pregnancy, we performed a scoping review of the medical literature on physician pregnancy. In addition to chronicling the thematic trends in publications in the context of pertinent sociopolitical events, we attempted to analyze and synthesize the available data.A scoping review following PRISMA guidelines was performed by a medical librarian. Abstract and manuscript reviews were completed by two independent investigators. Each manuscript was analyzed for publication date, themes and subthemes, and study population. Data on themes and subthemes were extracted based on template analysis. Four major themes emerged: the impact of pregnancy on the physician and her colleagues, physician maternity leave policies, pregnant physician work, and physician maternal-fetal health outcomes. Only the first three are addressed in this thesis. The literature on physician pregnancy has evolved in thematic focus, often in parallel to the sociopolitical environment. Female physicians continue to have increased representation in medicine, and there is a continued need for high-level data to inform all stakeholders.


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