Sean C. Lucan

Date of Award


Document Type

Open Access Thesis

Degree Name

Medical Doctor (MD)

First Advisor

David L. Katz MD


The purpose of this study was to determine how often smoking patients receive quit advice and if patient age, and number and type of clinical encounters are associated with odds of receipt. Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) 2000 data were used to study 10,582 smokers (aged ≥ 18) having ≥ 1 of three types of clinical encounters in the past year: routine checkups, other physician encounters, or dental visits. Multivariate-adjusted odds ratios (ORs) for quit advice by patient age, encounter type, and number of doctor's visits were calculated. Almost 55% of patients were advised to quit smoking. There was a 4-23% chance of receiving quit advice at any given doctor's visit. Odds of receiving advice did not increase with increasing number of visits. With advancing age, men were more likely, women less likely, to receive quit advicebut only significantly for White men. Compared to those having dental visits, ORs for receiving quit advice for patients having checkups and other physician encounters were 3.35 (95% CI 2.ll, 5.31) and 3.03 (95%CI 1.32, 6.97) respectively. These cross-sectional data suggest that whereas a small majority of smoking patients are advised to quit at some clinical encounter, smoking patients are not advised to quit at the majority of encounters. Being young and male, or seeing dentists rather than doctors made patients less likely to receive quit adviceas did having lower education or BMI, no insurance or coverage other than military or private, not having asthma, or not having breast exams or follow-up Papanicolaou smears if female. Based on a previously-reported absolute quit difference of 1.9%, if smoking patients received quit advice just once at any of their encounters with physicians in a year, at least 800,000 more U.S. smokers would quit at an economic savings of $2.4 billion.

Open Access

This Article is Open Access