There is little information available upon the seed and seedling characteristics of the American oaks. Among the fundamental problems in American silviculture, those which relate to seed efficiency are especially important. The future productiveness of the hardwood forests in which chestnut has been an important·element rests largely upon seed and sprout efficiency. Seed efficiency is governed by (I) seed production, (2) seed distribution, and (3) the factors affecting the reproductive value of the seed, such as viability, storage of seed in the litter of the forest floor, and destruction by insects and rodents.
Korstian, Clarence F. 1927. Factors Controlling Germination and Early Survival in Oaks. Yale School of Forestry Bulletin 19. 115 pp. + 7 plates.
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