Formulae are derived for the rate of nutrient absorption by aquatic plants approximating the shapes of spheres, discs, cylinders, and plates. Other parameters are the size and specific gravity of the plant, the nutrient concentration of the medium, and the physical properties affecting the transfer of nutrients toward the plant surface. The formulae allow for convection, i. e., the movement of water relative to the plant. Hence absorption is aided by a current in the case of attached plants and by a rapid sinking rate in the case of plankton. The results are not materially modified by turbulence....
Munk, Walter H., and Gordon A. Riley. 1952. "Absorption of nutrients by aquatic plants." Journal of Marine Research 11, (2). https://elischolar.library.yale.edu/journal_of_marine_research/772