Sverdrup (1947) has shown that the main features of the distribution of mass in the eastern equatorial Pacific can be derived exclusively from the average wind stress distribution. In this paper the method for computing the wind stress will be developed, the treatment of the oceanographic observations will be discussed, the field of mass and of mass transport as derived from the oceanographic and wind observations will be dealt with, and finally an analytic solution will be given.
Reid, Robert O.. 1948. "The equatorial currents of the Eastern Pacific as maintained by the stress of the wind." Journal of Marine Research 7, (2). https://elischolar.library.yale.edu/journal_of_marine_research/653