The following discussion deals with two specific problems: first, the increase in the range of tide between t he en tra nce and the head of the Gulf of P anama; and second, the variations in the tidal current velocities between the entrance and the head of the Gulf. Both phenomena are shown to be related to the bottom topography....
Fleming, Richard H.. 1938. "Tides and tidal currents in the Gulf of Panama." Journal of Marine Research 1, (3). https://elischolar.library.yale.edu/journal_of_marine_research/529