An interdisciplinary project called S1-INBOX (Western North Pacific Integrated PhysicalBiogeochemical Ocean Observation Experiment conducted around the S1 biogeochemical mooring site) was carried out during the summer of 2011 in the oligotrophic, subtropical North Pacific Ocean near biogeochemical mooring S1 (30° N, 145° E). Results from the S1 mooring during S1-INBOX revealed a large export flux at a depth of 200 m, a high chlorophyll a concentration in the deep chlorophyll maximum layer, and a high potential photochemical efficiency of photosystem II. These phenomena were associated with vertical uplift of isopycnal surfaces at the edge of a cyclonic eddy and a transition from the cyclonic eddy to an anticyclonic eddy. Shipboard biogeochemical surveys conducted during oligotrophic conditions in July 2011 revealed that the phytoplankton community in these waters was dominated by small species that are responsive to intermittent supplies of nutrients. Surface wind forcing because of Typhoons MA-ON and SONCA may have generated near-inertial oscillations. Diapycnal mixing associated with near-inertial waves was also related to high export fluxes, the indication being that propagation of near-inertial internal waves and subsequent mixing may have been important to biogeochemical phenomena during S1-INBOX.