The warm, salty water influenced by the Mediterranean outflow can be observed at middepth throughout the Central North Atlantic Ocean. Katz (1970) first noted that rather than a gradual salinity decrease away from the source, large changes were observable over major topographic features such as the mid-Atlantic Ridge, despite the fact that the topography presented no direct physical barrier to the core layer....
Joyce, Terrence M.. 1981. "The influence of the mid-Atlantic Ridge upon the circulation and the properties of the Mediterranean Water southwest of the Azores." Journal of Marine Research 39, (1). https://elischolar.library.yale.edu/journal_of_marine_research/1531