A simple model is developed to study the wind-driven equatorial ocean circulation. It is a time dependent, primitive equation, beta plane model that is two-dimensional in the horizontal. The vertical structure consists of two layers above the thermocline with the same constant density. The ocean below the thermocline is taken to be of a higher constant density and to be approximately at rest. The surface layer is of constant depth and is acted upon directly by the wind....
Cane, Mark A.. 1979. "The response of an equatorial ocean to simple wind stress patterns: I. Model formulation and analytic results." Journal of Marine Research 37, (2). https://elischolar.library.yale.edu/journal_of_marine_research/1467