A model of world ocean circulation driven by wind-stresses and differential heating is developed for a two-layer ocean with idealized boundaries and constant depth. The principal focus of the present study is the determination of the magnitudes and locations of localized sources and sinks of upper-layer water. The effect of differential heating is parameterized here by a uniform upwelling of deep water through the interface (thermocline)....
Veronis, George. 1978. "Model of world ocean circulation: III. Thermally and wind driven." Journal of Marine Research 36, (1). https://elischolar.library.yale.edu/journal_of_marine_research/1421