This study addresses the energetics of the Southern Ocean, in response to high-frequency wind forcing. A constant-density, multi-layer model is forced with a band of stochastically varying wind stress. The focus is on the interplay between the surface layer and the interior circulation.In line with previous examinations, it is concluded that the interior ocean is not directly energized by the wind work, but rather through the work done by the pressure field. The spatial and temporal characteristics of these terms differ substantially. Although the wind work may be negative in extensive regions of the World Ocean, the pressure work energizes the interior circulation almost everywhere. For low-frequency variability, the total work done by the wind and pressure on the barotropic flow is comparable, but discrepancies may arise for high-frequency variability. A mechanism is identified through which kinetic energy can leak from the wind-driven surface layer to the barotropic flow.
Weijer, Wilbert, and Sarah T. Gille. 2005. "Energetics of wind-driven barotropic variability in the Southern Ocean." Journal of Marine Research 63, (6). https://elischolar.library.yale.edu/journal_of_marine_research/115