The Cromwell Current was observed in the eastern Pacific during the Scripps Institution of Oceanography SWAN SONG Expedition, 5 September–1 December 1961, employing hydrographic stations and direct current measurements. The velocity structure in 1961 at 140°W was similar to that observed in April 1958 except that the transport in 1961 was only 22 × 106 m3 /sec---55% of the transport observed in 1958....