Date of Award
Open Access Thesis
Medical Doctor (MD)
Mental stress ischemia (MSI) is associated with poor prognosis for coronary artery disease (CAD) and is amenable to treatment, yet no easily administered test exists to diagnose it. Given the known increase in systemic vascular tone in response to stress, we studied the ability of peripheral arterial tonometry (PAT), a noninvasive functional measure of arterial tone, to predict those vulnerable to MSI. Seventy-seven patients with chronic stable CAD were subjected to mental stress with concomitant assessment of myocardial perfusion and pulse wave amplitude. Nuclear perfusion imaging was used to document MSI, and PAT was used to measure pulse wave and microarterial tone. A ratio of PAT measurements during stress to those before stress was used to characterize vascular responses. Serum catecholamines and endothelin-1 (ET-1) were simultaneously measured. Subjects who experienced MSI had a lower average PAT ratio than those who did not (0.76 ± 0.04 vs. 0.91 ± 0.05, P = 0.03). A receiver operating characteristics curve for PAT ratio predicting MSI had an area under the curve of 0.613 (standard error, 0.065, one-sided P = 0.04). Maxima of sensitivity and specificity were observed at a threshold of 0.78 to define an abnormal PAT ratio. Cross-tabulation of groups above and below this threshold with groups of subjects with and without MSI showed a significant predictive relationship between PAT ratio and MSI (P = 0.03). Subjects at or below this threshold (≤0.78) displayed a significant increase in norepinephrine levels during mental stress (235 pg/ml at baseline, 259 pg/ml during mental stress, P = 0.007). Subjects above this threshold (>0.78) displayed a significant decline in their ET-1 levels 24 hours after mental stress (1.15 pg/ml after mental stress, 0.93 pg/ml 24 hours later, P = 0.01), while those at or below threshold had a continued increase. PAT ratio is a complex functional measure of peripheral arterial tone that significantly predicts the occurrence of MSI. It may have clinical value as an easily administered screening test for MSI.
Graeber, Brendon Lewis, "Increase in Peripheral Arterial Tone Predicts Myocardial Ischemia Induced by Mental Stress" (2006). Yale Medicine Thesis Digital Library. 240.