Date of Award

January 2018

Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)


Yale University School of Nursing

First Advisor

Jessica Coviello


Background: NPs have a great opportunity to undertake entrepreneurial opportunities. However, according to the International Council of Nurses, “only 0.5%-1% of working nurses are nurse entrepreneurs” (ICN, 2004, pg. 9). This is primarily due to a lack of resources that support entrepreneurial inquiry.

Objective: To validate a toolkit on innovative business models for NP practice.

Methods: The toolkit was developed by: 1) conducting a comprehensive review of scientific literature, 2) reviewing the needs and barriers of entrepreneurship by interviewing experts and 3) validating the toolkit with a panel of experts.

Results: There was 100% agreement on the relevance and importance of nine identified categories: Creating a Business Plan, Money Matters, Know your Target Market, To Buy or To Build, Legal Matters, Credentialing 101, Insurance 101, Building Your Team and Marketing.

Conclusions: This toolkit provides a robust step-by-step guide on entrepreneurship and acts as a catalyst for NPs who may consider it in the future.

Implications for Nursing: NPs are at the forefront of health reform and can identify gaps in the system where innovative solutions are vital. Access to such resources can provide a necessary infusion of NPs who are passionate about innovation and entrepreneurship to drive health reform.


This thesis is restricted to Yale network users only. It will be made publicly available on 09/03/2019