Date of Award


Document Type

Open Access Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Medical Science (MMSc)

First Advisor

Anees Chagpar, MD, MBA, MPH, FACS, FRCS(C)


Breast cancer is the most common malignancy in women. Early detection and screening (including breast self-examination, clinical breast examination, and mammography) are vital for early identification and treatment, but there are established cultural differences in screening. Arab women have lower screening rates and are more likely to be diagnosed with late-stage disease. Cultural differences can be attributed to medical mistrust and inadequate knowledge. However, the extent to which they impact screening practices is not fully known. In this cross-sectional study, we assess the rate and regularity of screening mammography in the U.S., comparing Arab versus non-Arab/Hispanic White women. We will also use length of U.S. residency as a measure of acculturation and the Arab Culture Specific Barriers scale to examine barriers to screening mammography among Arab American women. These efforts will provide insight into cultural factors that influence screening and may suggest specific interventions to promote positive health screening behaviors.

Available for download on Saturday, April 22, 2023

Open Access

This Article is Open Access