Date of Award


Document Type

Open Access Thesis

Degree Name

Medical Doctor (MD)



First Advisor

Amanda Kallen

Second Advisor

Julia Cron


The goal of this study was to determine the knowledge and attitudes of transgender adolescents regarding fertility and future parenthood. We developed and administered a cross-sectional questionnaire to a convenience sample of 23 transgender and gender non-conforming adolescents (mean age 16.2 ± 2.6) who attended the Yale Pediatric Gender Program between October 2016 and August 2017. Our results indicate that transgender adolescents have a basic understanding of reproductive health and fertility (mean total knowledge score of 3.78 ± 0.80 out of 5). Knowledge scores were significantly higher in participants with previous information about gender-affirming hormone therapy (GAH; p

Open Access

This Article is Open Access