Considerable confusion has developed in oceanographic literature concerning the appropriate units to be used in reporting specific volume and its ancillary parameters, specific-volume anomaly and thermosteric anomaly (specific-volume anomaly at in situ temperature and salinity and atmospheric pressure). The problem revolves around the question, should specific volume and its anomalies be given in terms of liters or cubic centimeters as the unit of volume....
Pollak, Martin J.. 1961. "Units for specific volume of sea water." Journal of Marine Research 19, (1). https://elischolar.library.yale.edu/journal_of_marine_research/961