The rate and extent of oxygen consumption in sea water have been studied and measured under a variety of conditions and for a variety of purposes. Such studies, of what is often called the "biological oxygen demand," have either been involved in the estimation of the total content of organic matter or have contributed to the understanding of the processes of organic decomposition in the sea....
Rakestraw, Norris W.. 1947. "Oxygen consumption in sea water over long periods." Journal of Marine Research 6, (3). https://elischolar.library.yale.edu/journal_of_marine_research/641