The paper outlines principles of phase-resolving and phase-average wave models, with emphasis on the state of the art of wave-current interaction physics. We argue that these interactions are the least well-developed part of such models. Linear and nonlinear dynamics of waves on currents are discussed; depth-integrated and depth-varying approaches are described. Finally, examples of numerical model performance for waves on currents in realistic oceanic scenarios are presented.
Babanin, Alexander V., Andre van der Weshuijsen, Dmitry Chalikov, and W. E. Rogers. 2017. "Advanced wave modeling, including wave-current interaction." Journal of Marine Research 75, (3). https://elischolar.library.yale.edu/journal_of_marine_research/433