Infectious diseases are recognized as an important factor regulating marine ecosystems (Harvell et al., 1999, 2002, 2004; Porter et al., 2001; McCallum et al., 2004; Ward and Lafferty, 2004; Stewart et al., 2008; Bienfang et al., 2011). Many of the organisms affected by marine diseases have important ecological roles in estuarine and coastal environments and some are also commercially important. Outbreaks of infectious diseases in these environments, referred to as epizootics, can produce significant population declines and extinctions, both of which threaten biodiversity, food web interactions, and ecosystem productivity (Harvell et al., 2002, 2004)...
Hofmann, Eileen E., and Susan E. Ford. 2012. "An introduction to Ecology of Infectious Diseases – Oysters and Estuaries." Journal of Marine Research 70, (2). https://elischolar.library.yale.edu/journal_of_marine_research/339