The influence of a changing bacterial community on trace metal scavenging in a deep-sea particle plume
An extensive set of particle samples was collected from the extended (nonbuoyant) hydrothermal plume, the distal remnant plume, and the adjacent waters in a transect across the Southern Juan de Fuca Ridge. Bacterial capsules comprised the primary species of particulate Mn. However, the data also showed significant shifts in the relative abundance of distinctive subpopulations of this bacterial community, as expressed by several consistently recurring capsule morphologies. The data are discussed with respect to distance from plume origins (relative plume age), total bacterial numbers, experimentally determined scavenging rate constants and total particulate and dissolved Mn. The relative distribution of one morph (Fibrous) corresponded (r = .825, p < 0.001) to that of the scavenging rate constant, k1 (Cowen et al., 1990) for dissolved Mn onto particles. The greatest Mn deposits (by a factor of over 10×) were associated with this same morph, which was also the numerically dominant capsule morph at the off-axis stations where total particulate Mn plume values were highest. The disequilibrium in the particle population and the geochemical cycle of Mn in an evolving hydrothermal vent plume is reflected in the distribution coefficients for Mn (KD), which increase with distance from vent origins. The potential influence that changing subpopulations of bacteria may exert on the overall scavenging behavior of Mn in this evolving natural particle population is emphasized.
Cowen, James P., and Yuan H. Lui. 1991. "The influence of a changing bacterial community on trace metal scavenging in a deep-sea particle plume." Journal of Marine Research 49, (3). https://elischolar.library.yale.edu/journal_of_marine_research/2012