A hydrographic section made in July 1977 from the research vessel KNORR revealed a large-scale meridional distortion of the normal water mass distributions at 55W in the North Atlantic. Cells of pure Labrador Sea Water were found within both the Gulf Stream and the westward recirculation of the gyre. A large cell of Mediterranean Water was found in the Slope Water, in contact with a cell of Subarctic Intermediate Water....
McCartney, Michael S., L. V. Worthington, and Mary E. Raymer. 1980. "Anomalous water mass distributions at 55W in the North Atlantic in 1977." Journal of Marine Research 38, (1). https://elischolar.library.yale.edu/journal_of_marine_research/1503