Historical GEK data are used to estimate the flow of energy from the mean current to the fluctuations for the surface of the Kuroshio in a region south of Japan. The horizontal transfer components of kinetic energy and temperature variance are calculated and are found to be similar to estimates for the Florida Current....
Szabo, David, and Georges L. Weatherly. 1979. "Energetics of the Kuroshio south of Japan." Journal of Marine Research 37, (3). https://elischolar.library.yale.edu/journal_of_marine_research/1483