The mean growth rate of the dominant reef-building coral Pocillopora damicornis was significantly different in upwelling (Gulf of Panama) and nonupwelling (Gulf of Chiriquí) environments on the Pacific coast of Panama. Mean annual growth was 3.1 cm/yr at Saboga Island, Gulf of Panama and 3.9 cm/yr at the Secas study site, Gulf of Chiriquí....
Glynn, Peter W.. 1977. "Coral growth in upwelling and nonupwelling areas off the Pacific coast of Panama." Journal of Marine Research 35, (3). https://elischolar.library.yale.edu/journal_of_marine_research/1408