Date of Award
Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
Statistics and Data Science
The radial velocity method has been widely used by astronomers since the 1990's for discovering extra-solar planets, often referred to as simply "exoplanets". This method involves estimating the radial velocity of a distant star over time using the stellar light, followed by modeling such radial velocity estimates as a function of time using Keplerian-orbital equations with parameters that describe the exoplanet. While a number of approaches exist for estimating the radial velocity from the stellar light, we introduce a new approach for this that uses Hermite-Gaussian functions to reduce the estimation to linear least-squares regression. Furthermore, we demonstrate that this new approach, compared to the commonly used cross-correlation approach, provides an approximate 21% reduction of statistical risk in simulation studies as well as in applications to recently collected data. We then extend this linear model to include additional terms that represent the effect of stellar activity on the observed light, an effect known to both hide and imitate the signal of exoplanets. The F-statistic for the fitted coefficients of these additional terms is found to have higher statistical power than many traditional stellar activity indicators at detecting the presence of stellar activity. Finally, we also use the linear model in a Bayesian framework to merge both traditional steps of the radial velocity method into one that estimates the exoplanet's orbital parameters directly from the time series of observed stellar light.
Holzer, Parker Hinckley, "Statistical Estimation and Inference Improvements for Exoplanet Discovery" (2021). Yale Graduate School of Arts and Sciences Dissertations. 350.