Journal of Economic Literature (JEL) Code(s)
C72, D43, D44, D83, G12
We consider demand function competition with a ﬁnite number of agents and private information. We show that any degree of market power can arise in the unique equilibrium under an information structure that is arbitrarily close to complete information. In particular, regardless of the number of agents and the correlation of payoﬀ shocks, market power may be arbitrarily close to zero (so we obtain the competitive outcome) or arbitrarily large (so there is no trade in equilibrium). By contrast, price volatility is always less than the variance of the aggregate shock across all information structures.
Bergemann, Dirk; Heumann, Tibor; and Morris, Stephen, "Information, Market Power and Price Volatility" (2019). Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers. 51.