What are the long-term eﬀects of policies intended to equalize opportunities among diﬀerent social classes of children? To ﬁnd out, we study the stationary states of an intergenerational model where adults are either White or Blue collar employees. Both adults and the state invest in their children’s education. Our analysis indicates that the major obstacle to equalizing opportunities in the long-run is private educational investment. Next we examine economies where only the state invests in education, motivated by the Nordic experience. In a majority of these economies, no child lags behind regarding future prospects, a theoretical result conﬁrmed by simulations.
Roemer, John E. and Unveren, Burak, "Dynamic Equality of Opportunity" (2016). Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers. 2478.