Title

Unbiased Instrumental Variables Estimation under Known First-Stage Sign

Document Type

Discussion Paper

Publication Date

2-1-2015

CFDP Number

1984

CFDP Pages

30

Abstract

We derive mean-unbiased estimators for the structural parameter in instrumental variables models where the sign of one or more first stage coefficients is known. In the case with a single instrument, the unbiased estimator is unique. For cases with multiple instruments we propose a class of unbiased estimators and show that an estimator within this class is efficient when the instruments are strong while retaining unbiasedness in finite samples. We show numerically that unbiasedness does not come at a cost of increased dispersion: in the single instrument case, the unbiased estimator is less dispersed than the 2SLS estimator. Our finite-sample results apply to normal models with known variance for the reduced form errors, and imply analogous results under weak instrument asymptotics with an unknown error distribution.

This document is currently not available here.

Share

COinS