Title

Estimation When a Parameter Is on a Boundary: Theory and Applications

Document Type

Discussion Paper

Publication Date

6-1-1997

CFDP Number

1153

CFDP Pages

92

Abstract

This paper establishes the asymptotic distribution of extremum estimators when the true parameter lies on the boundary of the parameter space. The boundary may be linear, curved, and/or kinked. The asymptotic distribution is a function of a multivariate normal distribution in models without stochastic trends and a function of a multivariate Brownian motion in models with stochastic trends. The results apply to a wide variety of estimators and models. Examples treated explicitly in the paper are: (1) quasi-ML estimation of a random coefficients regression model with some coefficient variances equal to zero, (2) LS estimation of a regression model with nonlinear equality and/or inequality restrictions on the parameters and iid regressors, (3) LS estimation of an augmented Dickey-Fuller Fuller regression with unit root and time trend parameters on the boundary of the parameter space, (4) method of simulated moments estimation of a multinomial discrete response model with some random coefficient variances equal to zero, some random effect variances equal to zero, or some measurement error variances equal to zero, (5) quasi-ML estimation of a GARCH(1, q * ) or IGARCH(1, q * ) model with some GARCH MA parameters equal to zero, (6) semiparametric LS estimation of a partially linear regression model with nonlinear equality and/or inequality restrictions on the parameters, and (7) LS estimation of a regression model with nonlinear equality and/or inequality restrictions on the parameters and integrated regressors.

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