There is a large potential for improving individual risk management through new risk management contracts and associated new index-settled derivatives. However, there are some diﬀicult problems in designing contracts so that they will be used eﬀectively. Individuals have idiosyncratic individual risks that can be hedged only at some real resource cost due to moral hazard. Individuals seem to exhibit behavior indicative of lack of appreciation of the principles of risk management. These problems are discussed, and some potential new risk management contracts that would make improvements in the management of major income risks are proposed
Shiller, Robert J., "Expanding the Scope of Individual Risk Management: Moral Hazard and Other Behavioral Considerations" (1997). Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers. 1393.