Mathematical Programming and Economic Theory
The paper discusses the analogy between economic institutions and algorithms for the solution of mathematical programming problems. The simplex method for solving linear programs can be interpreted as a search for market prices that equilibrate the demand for factors of production with their supply. An interpretation in terms of the internal organization of the large ﬁrm is oﬀered for Lenstra’s integer programming algorithm.
Scarf, Herbert E., "Mathematical Programming and Economic Theory" (1989). Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers. 1173.