Date of Award
Medical Doctor (MD)
Ron Afshari Adelman MD
The purpose of this project is to study the risk of cataract development in patients who had undergone pars plana vitrectomy, scleral buckle, or both. A retrospective study was performed of phakic patients who underwent pars plana vitrectomy, scleral buckle, or both at Yale University Eye Center from 1998 to 2005. Mild postoperative cataract, defined as a change in severity of 1+, developed in 32 of 53 (60%) eyes following vitrectomy, 2 of 19 (11%) post scleral buckle, and 14 of 16 (88%) after both. Moderate postoperative cataract, defined as a change in severity of 2+, developed in 14 of 53 (26%) eyes post vitrectomy, 1 of 19 (5%) post scleral buckle, and 11 of 16 (69%) after both procedures. In eyes that underwent vitrectomy, a lens change of at least 2+ occurred in 8% at 3 months, 15% at 6 months, 21% at 12 months, and 26% at 36 months. In eyes status post scleral buckle surgery, one eye (5%) experienced a 2+ change at 36 months. In eyes that underwent both vitrectomy and scleral buckle, a lens change of at least 2+ occurred in 44% at 3 months, 50% at 6 months, 63% at 12 months, and 69% at 36 months. Cataract extraction surgery was performed in 15% of eyes post vitrectomy, 0% post scleral buckling, and 50% after both. The most common type of cataract to develop was nuclear sclerotic, which accounted for 61% of cataracts after vitrectomy, 50% after scleral buckling, and 50% after combined vitrectomy and scleral buckling. Scleral buckling surgery is associated with a low risk of cataract formation. Pars plana vitrectomy and combined vitrectomy and buckle have a higher risk of cataract development.
Huffman, Ryan Issac, "Cataract Formation After Retinal Procedures" (2007). Yale Medicine Thesis Digital Library. 246.